SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE
CIVIL SUIT NO. 575 OF 2000
LAWRENCE LYNFORD WYLLIE
1. CLAIR URBAN OTTLEY
2. EILEEN AGATHA OTTLEY
Mr. Arthur Williams for the claimant
Mr. Joseph Delves for the respondent
2001:November 21, 22, 28.
 In the course of the hearing Counsel agreed that the issues in this case are
confined to the question of the location of the right of way, and if it was on the
same path as the road built by the defendant, whether the defendant has excluded
the claimant from the use as of right of the said way for the duration of the relevant
 The court heard the viva voce evidence and cross-examination of the claimant, of
his witness George London, and of the first-named defendant. In addition the
court had before it the witness statement of the claimant’s witness Vincent Bailey,
who died recently, and whose evidence was therefore not tested by cross2
examination. This evidence is consequently not admissible, bearing in mind the
provisions of CPR 2000, R 29.2(1)(a), 29.2(2), and the related learning in Civil
Procedure 2000 (The White Book) Volume 1 paragraph 32.5.3. The court also
had before it the evidence by way of witness statements of the defendants’
witnesses Nolan Marks and Henrick Bullock, whose evidence Learned Counsel for
the claimant admitted from the Bar is true and unchallenged. Counsel consented
to this evidence being admitted without the necessity of calling the witnesses in
 Further the court had the advantage of visiting the locus in the presence of
Counsel, the parties and the relevant witnesses, a visit which was most helpful in
clarifying the issues in dispute and in the court’s assessment of the evidence.
 Also in evidence was the report of licensed Land Surveyor C. Mc Arthur
Robertson, dated July 6, 2001, as well as the several deeds on which the titles of
the claimant and the defendants are based.
 The common predecessor in title of the parties is Sydney Ottley, father of the
defendant, now deceased. By Indenture dated the 31st March, 1962, he, as
vendor, conveyed to N.A. Commissiong, Superintendent Minister of the Methodist
Church for and on behalf of the Methodist Missionary Trust Association, a certain
portion of land at Evesham “TOGETHER with a right of way six (6) feet wide
leading to and from the Public Highway ….”.
 The precise location of the right of way is not set out in the deed, nor in deed No.
1520/1970, which conveys the said land to the claimant from the Methodist
Church. In fact the latter deed makes no specific reference to the right of way, and
the deed whereby the defendant obtained his title, dated September 3, 1971 and
recorded as deed No. 27/1972 also fails to make reference to the right of way
which had been created by the vendor of both portions of land, for the benefit of
the dominant tenement, i.e. the land of the claimant.
 The court’s visit to the locus made it apparent that the right of way created by the
deed of 1962 is the only reasonable access to the claimant’s land, and that if the
said easement had not been conferred by the deed, the claimant’s predecessor in
title would have been entitled to claim from the vendor, the defendant’s father and
the parties’ common predecessor in title, an easement of necessity over the land
now held by the defendant, the servient tenement.
 Since the sale of the two pieces of land, the defendants have cut the land sold to
them so as to construct a road to their land, thus altering significantly the
topography of the land, and making it impossible to precisely locate the right of
way. Even the common boundary between the parties has not been established
with precision, and the deeds are not entirely helpful in that regard. The surveyor
in his report admits to the uncertainty regarding the common boundary.
 It became apparent from the evidence and the visit to the locus, however, that the
said easement, being six feet in width, would extend approximately from the
bottom of the bank along the line demarcated by the points M6 to M5 on the plan
prepared by the Surveyor Robertson. This area, within the boundaries of the
servient tenement, would encroach, to some extent, on the defendant’s concreted
wheel tracks, but would not include the entire road comprised of the said wheel
 It being impossible to precisely locate the right of way given the radically altered
topography of the land as a result of the cutting of the road and subsequent
erosion of the bank, it is necessary to define an access path which is practical and
realistic, which can only follow the path at the foot of the bank to the west of the
road cut and paved with wheel tracks by the defendants.
 It is declared that the claimant is entitled to pass and repass, for the purpose of
access to and egress from his land, along a six foot wide strip of land bounded on
the western side by the line demarcated by the points M6 to M5 on the plan
surveyed and drawn by C. Mc Arthur Robertson, licensed Land Surveyor and
admitted in this action as exhibit S.D.5, and running in a northerly direction to the
entrance to the claimant’s land, demarcated on the said plan by the points M5 and
 I find as a fact that the claimant had never abandoned the use of this easement,
and that the defendant had never dispossessed him thereof.
 The claimant is entitled to the injunction claimed, and it is ordered that the
defendants be restrained, and they are hereby restrained, whether by themselves,
their servants or agents or howsoever otherwise, from molesting the claimant, his
servants and or agents or visitors from using and enjoying the said easement of
way for the purpose of access and egress to and from his said property.
 I award damages against the defendants in the sum of two hundred dollars
($200.00), and costs of the claim to be agreed or assessed.
 The defendants are entitled to the declaration of title claimed in their counterclaim,
subject to the easement of way hereinbefore referred to, and it is accordingly
declared that, subject to the claimant’s said easement of way, the defendants are
the sole owners in possession of the said concreted roadway.
 I find no ground for the defendants’ claims for injunctive relief, and the
counterclaim for said relief is dismissed.
 I make no order for costs on the counterclaim.
Brian G.K. Alleyne
High Court Judge